Technical Materials

Primary Prevention Framework for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action

The Alliance

Child Protection in Humanitarian Action (CPHA) is “the prevention of and response to abuse, neglect, exploitation and violence against children1 in humanitarian action.” While significant effort and improvements have been made in the sector on responding when harm has already taken place, less focus has been placed on how we can prevent harm to children before it occurs.

The Primary Prevention Framework for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action (the Framework) provides guidance for humanitarian workers on the key actions and considerations to apply when developing or implementing programming to prevent harm to children in humanitarian settings at the population-level.

The Framework highlights guiding principles and specific actions to take within each of the five steps of the program management cycle for effective primary prevention efforts. Supporting resources and practical tools are linked within each step.

While leadership on preventing harm to children may be taken up within the child protection sector, due to the multisectoral nature of prevention, this Framework is intended for use by all humanitarian actors.

The Framework is based on a desk review of evidence-based prevention approaches within the child protection sector as well as other humanitarian sectors such as education, gender-based violence (GBV) and health. The Framework is also informed by guidance documents and briefing papers on understanding and identifying child protection risk and protective factors in humanitarian crises, developed under the Alliance for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action’s Prevention Initiative.

Please explore the Framework, the Summary and the five additional Annexs below! 

Publication type
Guidance and technical materials
Prevention Initiative
Risk identification and assessment
Countries this relates to
All countries
Language of the materials